Monday, April 22, 2024

The divine path shown by paramahamsas

Pullum silambina kaann pullaraiyan kovilil

Wake-up calls of Chirping birds before dawn

Vellai vili sangin per-aravam kettilaiyo

Hear that sound of snow-white Sankham from temple

Pillaay, ezhundhiray pey mulai nanjundu

Young Girl, get up, Krishna who sucked poison and life of Pootana

Kallla chagadam kalakkazhiya k kaalochi

Whose casual leg-movement destroyed demon Sakata

Velllath tharavil thuyilamarndha vitthinai

Meditating of creation while on serpent in ocean,

Ulllathu k kondu munivargalum yogigalum

in the mind and words of Yogi and Muni

Mellla ezhundhu ariyendra per-aravam

gently raising up chanting Hari Hari

Ulllam pugundhu kulirndhelor empavai

that resound with peace in the minds of girls

[Transliteration of Tamil Pashuram, and Translation (Red in color)]

The sky represents the spreading nature of Naaraayana Tatwam. In that sky birds are flying with the help two wings. Their chirping sounds indicate it’s about to dawn. The winged bird symbolizes Aacharyaa who shows the path to disciples. Two wings mean Jnana – the knowledge, and its practice. Without two wings none can fly.

Also Read : Yashoda binds Krishna with affection, not strength of ropes

Goda got up early to reach another young girl. She asked:“Are you not hearing the chirp of birds, are they not waking up all of us? Listen to the beckoning sound of the white conch Sanka from Temple of Vishnu who moves on Garuda, the king of birds. Vishnu is none other than Krishna, who as a baby suck the poison, milk and life of Pootana too, who disguised as mother And when He casually moved his leg, the demon of Sakata has broken into pieces. He meditates upon the next creation while leaning on five hooded serpent – Adishesha, who is the cause of the regeneration of Universe, who also resides in the minds and hearts of the Yogis and Munis, who gently get up without disturbing the Vishnu residing in their heart, chanting “Hari…Hari”. That Hari Chant is resounding in the minds of Girls of Vrepalle.  In this Pashuram Andaal is showing the proofs of sunrise through chirps of birds, sound of Conch from temple, Hari Hari namam chanting by Munis and Yogis while getting up.

Poothana and Krishna’s kindness

Several Bhagawata stories and incidents from Ramayana are referred to along with some more stories here. Poothana, the demon was commissioned by Kamsa to find and finish the boy who was born a few days ago in Kamsa’s Jail, but he does not know where he is growing up. Obeying Kamsa order to his people to kill any child of a few days age all over his kingdom, Poothana came to Vrepalle. She came to know that in Yashoda -Nanda’s house a child is recently born. She laced poison on her breasts and reached their house. Pretended to be a mother, she requested Yashoda to allow her to breast feed little Krishna. Krishna in her lap, sucked her milk, took the poison also, but as He went on sucking, she could not tolerate the pain and fell dead. Lord Krishna relieved the demon of the vicious circle and liberated her soul. He was very kind towards her because at least for a few minutes she thought herself to be His mother.

Also Read : Gracefully raining knowledge equally on all

Destroying  Sakataasura

Once Yashoda took Him to banks of River and safely placed him underneath the bullock cart. Another Demon sent by Kamsa invisibly entered the cart and was trying to kill Him.  At that time young Krishna was flashing his hands and legs crying for milk. The effect of that automatic movement was so severe that the cart has broken into pieces. The cart is symbol of body that runs on two wheels of two different consequences of Good (Punya) and Bad (Paapa) deeds. Once he realizes that the God is driving force, touch His feet and He would liberate. Krishna showered mercy over Sakata by just touching the cart, and he attained the abode of Lord.

Twelve Aalwaars

Andaal wakes up each Gopika/Alwar from Pashurams 6 to 15. There are Ten Alwars prior to Goda: 1. Poyigai (Saro Yogi). 2. Poodatta (Bhootha Yogi), 3. Peya (Mahayogi), 4. Thirumazhishai (Bhakti Saara), 5. Nammaalwaar (Sathagopa), 6. Kulasekhara, 7. Periyaalwar (Bhattanatha, Vishnu Chittulu), 8. Tondar Adippodi (Bhaktaanghri Renuvu, Sri Pada Renuvu, Vipra Naaraayana), 9. Tiruppani (Yogi Vahana) and 10. Tirumangai (Parakala).

Also Read : Bhagavan lives in Narayana Tatva

After scripting Tiruppavai and Naachiyaar Tiruvayi Mozhi and merging with Ranganatha, Goda became 11th Aalwaar and then another great devotee Madhura Kavi joined as Aalwaars. Goda is invoking the kindness of ten Aalwaars in these ten Pashurams.

Unless the Aalwaar is kind, it is not possible to attract the benevolence of Bhagawan. Aacharya Kripa first and then only Bhagavan Kripa.

Also Read : No perfect being on this earth: says Seeta and Goda

Jaana Shrithi Story

Jaana Shrithi is a King, very pious person, and a good donor. Two swans were flying over his palace. One told the other, ‘King is good Dharmika, righteous person, but he has less interest in Brahma Jnanam. And suggested not to fly over King not to allow  shadow to fall over him and disrespect. The other swan answers “why do you fear so much, is he Raikwudu?”  Jaana Shriti understood their conversation, located Raikwudu with all efforts. His emissaries found him under a bullock cart behaving like a maverick. King left the kingdom, offered all the wealth to Raikwudu and got lessons of Brahma-Jnaana from him. This story establishes that the Aachaarya in the form of Swan cautioned about his lapse and shown the right path to reach Parabrahma.  Goda’s reference to chirping birds means thisUpanishad story.

In this Pashuram Goda specifically explained Yogi is different from Muni. Muni maintains silencealways thinking about Bhagavan who the cause of the whole Universe is. Unlike him, Yogi does all activities in service of God but meditates on His deeds. Lakshmana is Yogi who served Lord Rama throughout including 14 years of exile. Whereas Bharata though far off from Rama deeply and silently thinks about Him always. Bharata is Muni.  In Nanda Vrajam Munis and Yogis used to wait for Darshan of Sri Krishna to return to the cowherd place where cows were given food and put to rest and then Krishna used to leave for his residence.

Also Read : Narayana-both the Process and Product

Duty to protect Narayana!

One who feels presence of Paramatma in him, will be very careful; Like a pregnant lady, Yogis and Munis get up cautiously feeling heaviness of Him in their minds, chanting Hari and Hari. Prahlada is considered such Yogi, who held his heart strongly with his hand when soldiers threw him from hill-top, so that Naaraayana in him is not injured. Prahlaada did not mind harm to himself. The devotees like Yogis, Munis or Prahlada think that they have a duty to protect the Naaraayana, who does not need it.

Also Read : Goda’s Tiruppavai

Goda’s sixth Pashuram is so deep and full of such narrations.

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Author is Dean, Professor of law at Mahindra University at Hyderabad and former Central Information Commissioner. He published a number books in English and Telugu.


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