Monday, November 29, 2021

Paluke Bangaramayena…Ananda Bhairavi

Sree Ragam – 11

The divine composition of Bhadrachala Ramadasu resonates eternally in our hearts as long as Lord Rama pervades our lives…

Lyrical beauty enhanced with the presentation in Ananda Bhairavi raga has accentuated the devotion of Ramadasu, who composed the song to express his ardent longing for his Lord.

Ananda Bhairavi raga is the Janya raga of 20thmelakarta Nata Bhairavi.

It is a vibrant, colourful raga that evokes emotions of bhakthi, sringara and karuna. The majestic oscillations and glides in the raga create ripples of joy and exuberance.  The raga can be considered as Goddess Bhairavi who bestows Ananda..happiness…

Anada Bhairavi brings about auspiciousness and preferred for wedding rituals.

In music therapy, Ananda Bhairavi is known to alleviate blood pressure, depression and promote mental wellness.

The gait of the majestic raga as it progresses in the zig zag manner of swaras encompasses various shades and magical vibes to enchant the rasikas.

Structure

Arohana : s G2 R2 G2 M1 P D2 P S

Avarohana: S N2 D2 P M1 G2 R2 S

Sadharana Gandharam, Chatusruti Rishabam,Shuddha Madhyamam P Chatusruti Daivatham Kaisik iNishadam are the swaras of the raga

Sudha Daivatham and Anathara Gandharam are the anyaswaras that enrich and add to the exclusiveness of the raga. Ananda Bhairavi is suitable for expansive manodharmam, like ragalapana, neravu, swarakalpana. Hence it is featured as a main piece of the concert.

Compositions

Ananda Bhairavi has been a favourite among music composers. The musical trinity also have contributed to the invaluable worth of Carnatic classical music with their divine compositions.

Tyagaraja composed only three kritis in this effervescent raga. There is an interesting anectode related to Ananda Bhairavi raga and Tyagaraja.

Musicologists mention that Tyagaraja promised a group of Kuchipudi dancers who pleaded with him not to compose any more kritis in Ananabhairavi. Once Tyagaraja witnessed a dance ballet by a group of devout Kuchipudi dancers. They enacted ‘Madhura Nagarilo’ composed in Ananda Bhairavi raga. Tyagaraja was elated with the impressive performance of the artists and praised them for their musical prowess. The group were overjoyed to receive appreciation from the great musician. They requested him to grant a boon. ‘You are an immortal great musician who will be remembered for your divine music and compositions. When people read about you, they would also come across this event and you would also be remembered as a noble heart who gave away Ananda Bhairavi raga as a boon for an insignificant group of dancers. We would also remain immortal in the annals of history as beneficiaries…”

Tyagaraja’s ‘Ksheera Sagara Vihara’ is a popular Utsava Sampradaya Keertana.

Deekshitar composed kritis like ‘Kamalamba Samrakshatu’, ‘Tyagaraja Yoga Vaibhavam’, Manasa Guruguha, ‘Dandayudha Panim’, ‘Anandeshvarena’

SyamaSastri and Ananda Bhairavi

SyamaSastri composed around eight gems in Ananda Bhairavi. His soulful compositions like ‘Marivere Gati’, ‘O Jagadamba’ ‘Pahi Sri Girirajasute’ are at a zenith of immaculate perfection. He perfected the raga and presented us the finest version of Ananda Bhairavi.

Ananda Bhairavi is one of the most prevalent ragas in Kuchipudi dance.

Ananda Bhairavi in film music

Telugu

Madhura Nagarilo, adopted for film music

Suvvi Kasturi Ranga

VirisinaMuraliki

Nee nagumomu Naakanulara

Ananda Bhairavi features in light music and devotional music as well. 

Sreelakshmi Avadhanam
Sreelakshmi Avadhanam is a journalist, content writer, freelance translator and is trained in Carnatic classical music. She also holds a Master’s degree in music. Playing the Veena and singing have been a part of her life since childhood. She also performs on stage whenever an opportunity arises. 

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