Wednesday, June 19, 2024

Anandamritakarshini Amritavarshini

SreeRagam 25

Anandamritakarshini Amritavarshini



A compostion in Amritavarshini raga, Anandamritakarshini is an invigorating kriti by Deekshitar. This kriti has an interesting fable associated with it.

Also read: VenkatachalaNilayamVaikuntaPuravasam/PankajaNetramParamapavitram/SankhuChakradhara ChinmayaRoopam……

Deekshitar visited Ettaipalam village on the plea of the locals who suffered miserably because of a famine. Crops were destroyed and they were left to famish. Deekshitar was moved by their plight and spontaneously composed this kriti as an ardent appeal to Goddess Devi. Divine mother showered her grace in the form of incessant rains. People of the area were overjoyed with the benevolence of Devi.

Mastery in rhyme, Alliteration in the adi and antyaprasa, conspicuous aspects of Deekshitar’s compositions enhance the lyrical beauty of this kriti..

Also read: Balakanakamaya chela…. 

As per another legend,  Ravana played Amritavarshini on veena to pacify the flames engulfing the city of Lanka, when Hanuman set fire with his tail.

copious rain as a result of Deekshitar’s kriti

Amritavarshini literally means, the flow of the immortal nectar, Amrita. It has become synonymous with monsoon rains in the realm of ragas. It is a janya raga of the 65th Melakarta raga MechaKalyani and can also be considered as a janya of the 66th Melakarta, Chitrambari, as Amritavarshini raga does not have Da, Daivatam. 

Also read: Adigo Alladigo Sri Harivasamu

One of the few ragas that remind us of the monsoon, Amritavarshini raga has a unique disposition in classical music. The appealing swaras create an ambience of positivity and vigour. This raga, though not considered for an elaborate exposition, is usually interspersed in the segment of ragam, tanam and pallavi in a concert. 

Also read: Sadinchene O Manasa….

Malhar is the Hindustani Classica music raga equivalent of Amritavarshini. Malhar is predominantly barkarutu (monsoon) raga.


AarohanaS G3 M2 P N3 S

AvarohanaS N3 P M2 G3 S

Antara Gandharam, PratiMadhyamam and KakaliNishadam are the swaras. It is an audava (pentatonic) raga. The symmetrical swaras lend an esthetic appeal to the raga.

Among the compositions, Deekshitar’sAnandamritavarshini and MuthaihBhagavatar’s enchanting ‘Sudhamayee” are quite popular.

Other compositions include

Sarasiruhanayane of Thyagaraja (musicologists claim that it is misattributed)

Sarasijaasani  –  MuthuswamiDikshitar

Vani ParamaKalyani  -VadirajaTirtha

Ennai Nee Maravate  -DandapaniDesikar

SundaraMuruthy  –  PurandaraDasa

AadiVaruvaiGuhane – Punitasri

Siddhi Nayakena  –  M. Balamuralikrishna

SthirataNahiNahi Re  -SadashivaBrahmendra

AadinateppadiyoNadanam, anonymous

Film music

Amritavarshini and Malhar ragas are adapted in our film music extensively. 


Anatineeyara – Swati Kiranam

Eegaali, eenela – Sirivennela

Kurisenuvirijallule – Gharshana

ChaitramuKusumanjali – Anandabhairavi


Baraso Re – Tansen

DukhaBhare Din Bite Re Bhaiya – Mother India

LapakJhapak – Boot polish

As mentioned in the earlier articles, in film music a raga is not used in its authentic form. Minor variations and alterations are created to induce a fresh appeal to the tune.

Also read: Nagumomuganaleni…

Sreelakshmi Avadhanam
Sreelakshmi Avadhanam
Sreelakshmi Avadhanam is a journalist, content writer, freelance translator and is trained in Carnatic classical music. She also holds a Master’s degree in music. Playing the Veena and singing have been a part of her life since childhood. She also performs on stage whenever an opportunity arises. 


  1. Thrimurthies of karnatak music sriThyarajasmami ,SriSuamasastri and Sri Mutthuswami deekshitar
    They were philosphers and devotees and vageyakaras ,Music got
    the status of a religion and the composers revered as saints and the music became fine way to Bhagavadaradhana and the scince of realisation .


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