Sunday, September 19, 2021

Balakanakamaya chela….

SreeRagam 23

Balakanakamaya Chela…..an invigorating Tyagarajakriti popularised among all Telugu households from the movie Sagarasangamam is set in Atana raga.

Tyagaraja elucidates the reason for the birth of Lord Rama in this kriti. “Sujana Paripala”, to protect ‘sujana’, the righteous people.

Also read: Adigo Alladigo Sri Harivasamu

Balakanakamaya chela sujanaparipala sriramalolavidratasarajala

Ela nidayaradu….

Raradevadi deva, raramahanubhava, rararajeevanetra….

Tyagaraja extolls and questions Lord Rama for not bestowing his grace upon him. The lyrical beauty of the Telugu language, the usage of ‘raara’, repeatedly in the anupallavi sets an authoritative tone and adds an aesthetic appeal to the composition. It is believed that Tyagaraja visualised Lord Sri Rama and composed this kriti.

Also read: Sadinchene O Manasa….

It is interesting to note that this is a kriti which starts with the anupalllavi, Balakanakamaya…

Ela Ni Dayaradu is the Pallavi

Mood

Atana raga is a vibrant, uplifting raga. It creates a mood of cheerfulness and brightens up the ambience. It is a raga that depicts veera and bhakti rasas.Atana is most suitable for dance dramas and ballets. It was used extensively in Harikathas.

Also read: Nagumomuganaleni…

Atana raga works magically to enliven even a dull concert.

Tyagaraja

Structure

Atana is a janya raga of the 29thMelakarta Dheera Sankarabharanam. It is a bhashanga raga (the arohana and avarohana are not in an order)

Arohana S R₂ M₁ P N₃ Ṡ

Avarohaṇa : Ṡ N₃ D₂ P M₁ P G₃ R₂ S

chatushrutirishabham, antaragandharam, shuddhamadhyamam, chatushrutidaivatam and kakalinishadam are the swaras. SadharanaGandharam and KaisikiNishadam are the anyaswaras (other swaras apart from the featured swaras of the raga)

Also read: Kaddanuvariki……

Compositions

There are several immortal compositions in Atana. Tyagarajacomposed kritis like ‘attabalukadu’, Naradaganalola, iilalopranatarti, ammadharmasamvardhini, anupamagunambudi.

Deekshitar’s kritis like Brihaspatetara pate, srivaidyanathambhajami, Herambaya Namaste in Atana

Swati Tirunal composed several kritis in  Malayalam, Telugu and Sanskrit languages in Atana raga: SumaranaKar, Sarasayatalochana, Sadhu jane, Sri kumara nagaralaya, Sarasijanabha

Also read: Tulasidalamulache……

Annamacharya’s popular composition Kulukaganadavarokommalala is in Atana raga

Purandar Dasa Sankeertana Sakalagraha,  Papanasam Sivan’s Amba nee iranga are other memorable compositions in Atana

Film Music

Telugu

A few of the popular film songs based on Atana raga

JoharuSikhipinchamouli

Ananda Tandavamade

Cheluvaramomuna

Taraliradatanevasantam

Also read: Samaja Varagamana

Sreelakshmi Avadhanam
Sreelakshmi Avadhanam is a journalist, content writer, freelance translator and is trained in Carnatic classical music. She also holds a Master’s degree in music. Playing the Veena and singing have been a part of her life since childhood. She also performs on stage whenever an opportunity arises. 

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