Sunday, June 16, 2024

Nanda is Good King and Yashoda is affectionate mother

Tiruppavai- 17

Tamil Pashuram

Ambaramay, Thanneeray, Soray, AaramSeyyum

Emperumaan! Nandagopaala! Ezhundhiraai!

Kombanaar-k-kellamKozhunday Kula Vilakkay

Emperumaatti! Yashodhaai! Arivuraai!


Umberkomanne! UrangaadhuEzhundhiraai!

Semborkk-kazhaladi-ch-chelvaa! Baladeva!

Umbiyumneeyumurang-El or Empaavaai

English Poem 17

He, the giver of clothes, water and food,

O, Our Swami, please wake up Nanda

O, Swamini Yashoda! you are a bright star,

In our clan, Krishna, the God of Gods

Arise and awake, you grew up tearing the sky,

Measured the Universe:  Get up soon,

Balarama, with golden anklet, along with

Brother Krishna, please wake up for us.

Yashoda, a great mother

Yashoda is compared with Prabbali plant, which grows on the banks of a stream. This tree has a capacity to bend when the stream swells and floods, and rise back after the flood cedes. Like a mother she is quite affectionate and helpful. She is the bright star of cowherd clan, and the mother of all. She is protecting little Krishna from the wrecked looks of demons. Both Yashoda and Nanda fear those destructive elements, who divide brothers, mother and son, create differences among the people to continue to rule etc. The demons like Kamsa-resort to kidnap and kill the children. Nanda and Yashoda are always worried about Krishna and Balarama because the demons were ruling.

Yashoda is like Tirumantra

Yashoda here means the giver of Yash, i.e. fame. There is no fame greater than Paramatma. Yashoda could give Paramatma to us. Among the three mantras of Vishnu, Vasudeva and Narayana, Ashtakshari (Mantra with 8 aksharas) is greatest. Yashoda is like that Tirumantra. Our tradition believes that MantroMaata (mantra is the mother), GuruhPitha (Guru is the father).

Also read: Overcome Atma Soundarya to have Atma Jnana

The three mothers possessed God as son – Kausalya, Devaki and Yashoda. But, Yashoda is blessed more because she could spend lots of years with Krishna and wield complete control over Paramatma. Yashoda could punish and bind Him with a rope with her utmost devotion. Tirumantra (eight lettered Mantra of Narayana) also has the power of tying down Paramatma. That is why, Yashoda is considered mantra herself.  Waking up Yashoda means understanding and invoking Narayana mantra. Nanda is the giver of Mantra-the Acharya, Yashoda is Mantra herself, and Krishna is the meaning or purpose of mantra.Gopikas are invoking Acharya, Mantra and Mantrartha.

Also read: Krishna removes Ego, Desire and Anger of devotees

After waking up ten Gopikas and Aalwaars, Goda reached Nanda King’s palace yesterday with five lakh Gopas and Gopikas, convinced the door keepers and entered. Unless you abandon ego and use wisdom (doors), you cannot gain entry at all. Then they peeped through the rooms to find where Krishna and Balarama were asleep. First, they saw Nanda, then Yashoda, after her, Krishna and at last, Balarama. 

Sri Krishna, the God of the Gods

Krishna, the God of Gods, who rose from being a dwarf to grow asTrivikrama tearing the sky away to measure the Universe with his two steps for the sake of Indra, the King of Angels. After praising Krishnaand Balarama, who is distinct with a golden anklet, Gopikas ask brothers to wake up and grant them the result of their Vratha. 

Vishnu heard the prayer of brother Indra and other Devatas who were displaced by Bali, the king of Asuras. Vishnu assures them to restore their kingdom. For their purpose, He is the incarnation of generosity. He becomes a beggar and seeks alms from Bali as Vaman (the dwarf).  When Bali assures him of the donation, He grows higher and higher, tears up the sky, goes beyond, measures two Lokas with two feet, and asks for the third step to get three feet of promised land. He obtains Rajya from Bali and gives it back to Indra.  His devotee and younger brother Indra pray with devotion completely surrendering to Him.

Also read: Come, join to pray Lotus-eyed-Krishna

Madabhushi Sridhar


Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Author is Dean, Professor of law at Mahindra University at Hyderabad and former Central Information Commissioner. He published a number books in English and Telugu.


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