Saturday, June 19, 2021

Prashant Kishor should be thanked for the “PK phenomenon”?!

Prashant Kishor with Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar

Yes, PK should be thanked for expediting a decaying-course of political parties for some years. With his engagement in seven states and with six different parties in less than a decade,  PK phenomenon has signaled very effectively certain vacuum in political leadership and where it is driving. This should worry us. The vacuum in political leadership stands out from the fact that even “PK can be the PM” has now become a call of some already. However, none of these leaders even tried to avail the services of this strategist in tackling the prolonged Covid crisis.  For, PK’s initial experiment in Gujarat was targeted delivery of nutrition to children which led to his being drafted for targeted poll management.

Also read: Are our political parties grasping under a “solo syndrome”?

Craving to hire PK

Aspiring leaders in power and outside state after state have been craving for a decade to hire the services of Prashant Kishor as polls in their states approach.  I realised this four years ago when a senior editor telephoned me in New Delhi from a state capitol whether I could get him the telephone number of prashant kishor. With Mamata Banerjee and  MK Stalin winning  the battle now in 2021, the queues for PK would be longer even though he announced quitting that “space”  as if he himself realised the implications of the role he was playing and how it is “highly over rated”. Political leaders in the country are now looking for I-PAC of PK instead of building or consolidating the party with distinct identity, stand, character and a charter. As if the moot question is immaterial.That is whether PK had added to the stature of leaders like Mamata and Stalin as mass leaders with years of ground work. The “magic” PK had shown in AP in 2019 was such that he could not have forgotten the signals of implications.

Also read: No-campaign elections ..

Has outsourcing made any difference?

It is interesting time to see whether “outsourcing” (at a price and with no accountability) to a “political strategist,” including planning and execution, has made  any difference. Of course, it is already known that in states of Andhra Pradesh in 2019 and Punjab in 2017 made no difference on five critical factors of an electoral democracy. How about now in 2021? The ADR analysis, just released and widely covered all over, based on what the winners themselves have filed in their own affidavits, brings out that the situation is no better but declined further as compared to the previous election in West Bengal and Tamil Nadu.

Also read: Without adhering to codes can we expect credibility of our electoral democracy?

Are the winners now any different?  In terms of criminal background, riches they come from and in terms of increase in their wealth, the winners cannot be said as any better in their  representative background. Has outsourcing bettered the poll campaign in any respect? Not at all. The poll campaign was even more “bitterly” fought, divisive all across and on many more counts.  Nor the campaign was based on any substantial issues of concern to the people. In fact, the campaign was far more expensive, polarising, rhetorical and with full of lures and offer of doles. Can anyone say that the polls in any of the states were peaceful or any better on criteria of “free and fairness”. Or, are the governments elected even with decisive margins viewed as any “better” in governance. No, the bitterness continues. So also the divides as if vendetta politics have taken roots.

Also read: Have we lost sight of electoral route for representative governance and inclusive development?

Nitish Kumar embarrassed

After the 2015 Assembly poll, as if in gratitude for the guidence in fighting the election, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, president of Janta Dal (United) nominated Prashant kishor as Vice President of the party overnight  obviously causing heartburn to the party rank and file. In no time there after Prashant Kishor was out from the party position causing an embarrassment to Nitish Kumar’s leadership.  All that, of course, has been forgotten.

Also read: With Control & Command Strategies, will electoral power-centric parties ever become messiahs of masses?

I wondered In my forthcoming book, Rejuvenating the Republic, where from the next  generation leaders would come from in India going by the present trends in outsourcing by political parties. For, political leaders are those who inspire, motivate and take the cadre along, give the party certain character with an agenda and prepare the party for the elections including the selection of candidates. But if these functions are outsourced election to election to an outsider, including implementation, with no responsibility either to the party cadres or to the people with stakes, it meant the leader is reduced to a brand name stature. Was that not the situation somewhat that some parties had gone through?

Also read: Time for political parties to rediscover themselves, reposition for an inclusive India, rejuvenated Republic: 15 propositions

When strategist becomes frontline player…

That is what it becomes when the  strategist, instead of remaining a backroom assistant, becomes the  frontline player where the leader even tells the cadres  that the strategist is going to get the party win the election and help the party select the candidates, negotiate with other potential ones to contest for the party or join the party. And also that he would an active player in the campaign.The leader takes pride telling all that to the public. And it is known that the strategist was one who had come up with party poll strategy, including the slogans, events and even coordinate the matters at booth level and even in dealing with news media.

Also read: How well Gandhian ideas have taken roots in India? Have they?

Signaling deviation trends

In another book, I described the state of affairs in a state where the PK phenomenon continues even after the leader comes into power more than year after where the winner even acknowledged the role of the outsider for the victory even when it was obvious that the legislature was neither representative nor has the priorities of the people at heart and that the state was far more divided than before. And that the independent institutes of the state have been reduced as an alley of the leader. The leader need not worry about anything else with a PK around. PK should be thanked, not criticised, for signaling deviation trend in leadership.

Also read: We, the parties…

Should this trend continue next decade or two, what would be the fate of our electoral democracy and representative governments? Can anyone deny the vacuum and ignore the implications? Certain measures which could retrieve the situation and restore the “We the People”  Republic before it becomes hundred at 2050 are discussed in my just released monograph, ” Propositions for Our Republic at 100 in 2050″. Neither of these requires fiddling with the constitution.

Also read: Without citizen activism can there be good governance, equitable development?

(Dr. Bhaskara Rao is a Research based analyst of public policies with  50 years standing and more than a dozen books).



Dr. N. Bhaskara Rao
Dr. N. Bhaskara Rao has been crusading environmental activism with CMS Vatavaran (www.cmsvatavaran.org) movement last two decades.

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