Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Do we know our India, that is, Bharath?

Special Article for 73rd Republic India

Madabhushi Sridhar Acharyulu

Photo by Madabhushi Sridhar

Most of us do not know what is the name and significance of our Nation, the great country – called Bharath. One should not feel that Bharath is a different name. The Constitution of India is the title given by the Constituent Assembly itself. It is as: India, that is, Bharath….

The Bharath does not mean to be brother of Rama, or son of Dushyant and Shakuntala. Another is called Jada Bharath (a sage) Bharath is the name of a mighty ancient nation called the Hindu, explained as way of life, fully like a being.

140A69E5Brahma Shri Samavedam Shanmukha Sarma, great orator, teacher, writer in Telugu and Sanskrit,student of B. A. (Hons) in Economics, journalist and TV commentator, called Bharath originally derived from the Vedas which were  to find two Bharatas- Agni Hotra and the other is the Supreme Lord Parameshwara.  Bharat means one who sustains/bears. The entire creation/life is sustained and nourished by him. Another meaning is BHA+RATH.  “Bha in samskrutam means light. Rath means chariot/vehicle. Light in other parlance is knowledge. I.e. This is a country which is inclined towards knowledge.

The Veda Scholar Sarma further explained: The Agni called messenger of the Gods, after receiving the Yagna Havish takes the material in micro form to Surya Mandala or Aditya Mandala. In turn, the Devas enjoy the Havish (sacrificial offerings) and give back in form of vristi (Rain).  This rain is the cause for producing food for human kind and other living beings.

The country which worships the fire element is called Bharata Varsha. The innate energy in fire is called Bharati, who is also called Sacrificial Goddess. Because of her grace the Havish offered in the Yagna kund goes to the Gods (Devatas) who govern the universe.

This Bharathi (Saaraswathi) is the power of Brahma (Creator).  Brahma can operate and fulfil his duty of creation through this Bharathi, also called as Brahmi shakti.

This Bharathi is also called Saarada, which represents swetha varna (white colour). Sharad Rutu is one among the six seasons in our Indian Calendar, whose nights are very bright as white during nights. Saarada also means one who removes the stains, dirt, the ignorance (Tamas) and makes things pure. This Saarad Ritu comes after Varsha Ritu, where the waters are filled with mud, during the SaaradRitu the mud subsides and the pure water emerges. So as the mother Saarada removes the dirt like ignorance and blesses us with clarity in life.

Every day in Hindu prayer, in a chronological manner, we utter Mahakali, Maha Lakshmi and Maha Saraswathi. Here the question comes to why Saraswathi is uttered last.

Sarma has explained: Before creation of this evolving universe, what would have been the state of the present universe? Just like a big tree is hidden in a seed, the whole universe is wrapped in great darkness in un-manifested state, which is called as Maha Kali, there after it started evolving and took shape as nature around us and gave meaning, a lively  picture  and started giving fruits for sustenance of life which we call Maha Lakshmi , finally it transforms  into Saaraswathi  (Knowledge), i.e. pure awareness / Braahmi shakti, and knowledge and awareness is ultimate goal of enlightened society. This Bharathi (knowledge) is the chief source of creation, sustenance, and dissolution. This Bharati is the bestower of Mundane knowledge as well as spiritual knowledge (Apara and Para), which makes life meaningful and purposeful.

This is Bharata Desam and right from the beginning it is Bharati Desam, Saaraswathi is Antarwahini, otherwise can be called as under current which flows inside every being, in this universe. One has to derive this Shakthi, from oneself by worshipping it consciously, and steadfastness, explained Sarma.

Michel Danino (Author of The Lost River)

Michel Danino

His book explained the discover. This was referred by Sarma. He stated: ‘Saarasvati is found in the Rig Veda and the Mahabharata, this river was rediscovered in the early nineteenth century through topographic explorations by British officials. Recently, geological and climatological studies have probed its evolution and disappearance, while satellite imagery has traced the river’s buried courses and isotope analyses have dated ancient waters still stored under the Thar Desert.

Born in France in 1956, Michel Danino has lived In India since the age of twenty-one, studying Indian civilization and culture. He has authored books in French and English, lectured widely and contributed studies to aspects of Indian archaeology.  In the same Northwest, the subcontinent’s first urban society-the Indus civilization-flourished and declined. But it was not watered by the Indus alone: since Aurel Stein’s expedition in the 1940s, hundreds of Harappan sites have been identified in the now dry Sarasvati’s basin. The rich Harappan legacy in technologies, arts and culture sowed the seeds of Indian civilization as we know it now. (quoted from the Jacket of the book written by Michel Danino. He has drawing from recent research in a wide range of disciplines, this book discusses differing viewpoints and proposes a harmonious synthesis-a fascinating tale of exploration that brings to life the vital role the lost river of the Indian desert’ played before its waters gurgled to a stop.

(Based on the discourse of Brahma Shri Samavedam Shanmukha Sarma Saraswati Katakshyam, on 23rd January, 2023, at Vargal, Sri Vidya Saraswati Temple, Siddipet, Telangana. Shri Yayavaram Chandra Shekhar Siddhinti organized by Vargal at Veda Smarta School, which were addressed by Brahma Shri Sarma. During this meeting, Sri Ketiraju Kameswaram, whose authored books were released, and Chivikula Sheshara Sharma)

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Author is Dean, Professor of law at Mahindra University at Hyderabad and former Central Information Commissioner. He published a number books in English and Telugu.


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