Tuesday, July 23, 2024

Aadi Poem and Aadi Poet, Valmiki (Ratnakara)

Valmiki’s Jayanti was 28 October

Madabhushi Sridhar

Before we know who is Valmiki, one should know about Ramayanam originally written by Valmiki, consists of 24,000 shlokas and seven cantos (kaṇḍas).[See “Valmiki Ramayan”. valmikiramayan.net. Desiraju Hanumanta Rao & K. M. K. Murthy].

The Ramayana is composed of about 480,002 words, being a quarter of the length of the full text of the Mahabharata or about four times the length. The scholars’ estimates for the earliest stage of the text ranging from the 8th to 4th centuries BCE, [Goldman 1984, p. 20–22.][Pattanaik, Devdutt (8 August 2020). “Was Ram born in Ayodhya (mumbaimirror. on 14 August 2020] and later stages extending up to the 3rd century CE, [J. L. Brockington (1998). The Sanskrit Epics. BRILL. pp. 379] (https://books.google.co.in/books?id=HR-_LK5kl18C&pg=PA379&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false) although original date of composition is unknown. As with many traditional epics, it has gone through a process of interpolations and redactions, making it impossible to date accurately.

Bhagavan Rama Avatharam

The Ramayana tells the story of a Bhagavan Rama Avatharam (of Vishnu or Narayan), himself, but never claimed it because the Ravana took boon from Brahma, (Creator) that this villain wanted that he can killed all by none, against Nara or Vaanara (a living man and monkey only). Lord Rama who explained the Raghu Vamsham written by Kalidasu of the city of Ayodhya in the Kingdom of Kosala.

Though Ravan and Kumbhakarn were killed as two Asura demon called, in Thretha Yugam, before DwaparaYugam and the present Kali Yugam.

Bhagavan Krishnavatharam

In the Krishnavatharam, Lord Krishna claimed openly as the born as Nara (man)or Vaanara (monkeys) but was not limited by any boon in Thretha Yugam, and as Yaadava from Great King Vamsham. Krishna has killed many demons including Shishupala and Danthavakra in addition to Kamsa etc.

Two Avatarams in Satya Yuga

Earlier in Satya Yugam, were first demons was killed Hirnyaksha in Koorma Avatharam as Turtle form and in Narasimha Avatharam demons Hiranya Kashipa was killed.

Aadi Poem and Aadi Poet (Kavi)

This is the first ever poem came up involuntary sound from Valmiki.

मा निषाद प्रतिष्ठां त्वमगमः शाश्वतीः समाः।यत्क्रौञ्चमिथुनादेकमवधीः काममोहितम्॥’


yatkrauñcamithunādekamavadhīḥkāmamohitam [Sacred-Texts.com, 7 December 2016]

You will find no rest for the long years of Eternity.

For you killed a bird in love and unsuspecting [Buck, William and van Nooten, B. A. Ramayana. 2000, page 7]

The Sriman Sribhashyam Appalacharyaswamy referred to the first ever poem penned by Valmiki, as follows:

Sribhashyam Appalacharya

It is difficult, near impossible to translate the wonderful pravacham of Sri Sriman Sribhashyam Appalacharya swamy Tatwadeepikalu. It can be understood only when one hears the pravacham of Sriman Sribhashyam Appalacharya swamy the great speaker in Telugu, Sanskrit and with high vocabulary, please listen to this 6 plus minute video. [This website is an effort to bring all the works of Sriman Sribhashyam Appalacharya Swamy in one place. This is being directed by Appalacharya Swami’s son Sriman Sribhashyam Srinivasa. His email is:  [email protected], He lived between 6 April 1922 and 7 June 2003.https://youtu.be/3XJ09u1ClLk?si=4su3rR4MtffnwIOz MANISHADA –Sriman Sribhashyam Appalacharya swamy Tatwadeepikalu తత్వదీపికలు రామాయణ రహస్యజ్ఞం రమ్యవాక్యవిశారదం అనంతగుణ సంఘాతం అప్పలార్య మహంభజే

Sribhashyam Appalacharya, the Great

Through this website we intend to bring provide a platform for users to check the books of Appalacharya Swamy and their availability, audio’s, video’s and a collection of his photos, email is:  [email protected]]

This saint like personality Sribhashyam who described māniṣādapratiṣṭhā with accurate meaning, but explained it in alternative meaning of this first poem in the world in relation with Sri Venkateshwara while saying as a story between Rama, Seetha and the Ravan who was killed to release Rama’s wife abducted by Ravan.

For detailed pravachanamhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vsZHN4HyGr0(రామాయణం ఎందుకు చదవాలంటే… | SribhashyamAppalacharyulu | Ramayanam | KopparapuKavulu)

Earlier called Ratnakara, Valmiki

It was Valmiki, and earlier was known as Ratnaakara. Aadi Kavi, Aadi Poet, author of Ramayana, the first epic poem. He was born as Agni Sharma. His father was Pracheta. He was also considered as Avatar of Brahma. He attained the recognition as Maharshi. Belongs to Bhrigu gotra.

The legend says that he was  a thief before turning as Rishi. The Nagara Kanda of the Skanda Purana in its section on the creation of Mukhara Tirtha mentions that Valmiki was born a Brahmin, with the name of Lohajangha and was a devoted son to his parents. He had a beautiful wife and both of them were faithful to each other. Once, when there was no rain in the region of Anarta, for twelve long years, Lohajangha, for the sake of his hungry family, started robbing people that he found in the forest. In the course of this life he met the seven sages or the Saptarishis and tried to rob them as well. But the learned sages felt pity on him and showed him the folly of his ways. One of them, Pulaha gave him a Mantra to meditate upon and the Brahmin turned thief got so engrossed in its recitation that ant-hills came up around his body. When the sages returned and heard the sound of the mantra coming from the ant-hill, they blessed him and said, “Since you achieved great Siddhi seated within a Valmīka (an anthill), you will become well-known in the world as Vālmīki.”[“The Skanda Purana, Nagara K

anda, Chapter 124, Creation of Mukhara Tirtha”. Archived from the original on 15 March 2021.][ The Skanda Purana, Part 17, (Ancient Indian Tradition and Mythology Series, Vol. LXV). Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt. Ltd. 2002. p. 506]

(“Episodes from the Ramayana: This picture depicts a hermitage (“asrama“) in a bucolic setting that matches the rich poetic descriptions of the text. On the left, the youthful divine messenger Narada, with golden “veena” (music instrument) beside him, is seated in conversation with the elderly bearded Valmiki, whose purity is conveyed by his whiteness. A thatched hut forms the background, and a deer and a peacock convey the tranquil atmosphere of the hermitage. Then, in accordance with the continuous mode of narration (despite the influence of European painterly traditions), we are shown the scene of farewell on the right and, finally, Narada floating off to the celestial regions on clouds. It is generally considered that this series may have been painted for Samsar Chand (r. 1775-1823) of Kangra, who was an avid patron of artists.”]

British satirist Aubrey Menen says that Valmiki was “recognized as a literary genius,” and thus was considered, “an outlaw,” presumably because of his “philosophic scepticism,”[Menen, Aubrey (1954). “Introduction”, The Ramayana, p.4. Charles Scribner’s Sons: New York.] as part of an “Indian Enlightenment” period.[Menen (1954). “The Indian Enlightenment”, p.9.] Valmiki is also quoted as being the contemporary of Rama. Menen claims Valmiki is “the first author in all history to bring himself into his own composition.”

The cinemas on Aadi Kavi

Most of the films were made on the life of the Aadi poet, G. V. Sane’s Valmiki (1921); it was followed by Surendra Narayan Roy’s Ratnakar (1921), Ellis Dungan’s Valmiki (1946), BhaljiPendharkar’s Valmiki (1946), Sundarrao Nadkarni’s Valmiki (1946), C.S.R. Rao’s Valmiki (starring Rajkumar 1963) and Valmiki (starring N. T. Rama Rao; 1963), and Arvind Bhatt’s Sant Valmiki (1991).[Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. p. 315.]Bhatt’s film which starred Suresh Oberoi in the titular role remains unreleased after a case was filed against Oberoi for remarks deemed offensive by members of the Valmiki caste in India. [Suresh Oberoi and Ors v. Dev Singh Assur and Ors [1991] INPBHC 10311 (1 February 1991), High Court (Punjab and Haryana, India)]There is nothing wrong in rightly claim that Valmiki was referred to be caste but, he is international personality since thousands of years.

Garikipati Narasimha Rao explains the intricacies of Valmiki in this video must listen and watch in https://youtu.be/QVp81MDHtfA?si=mzieAzbAq8oNrkxwవాల్మీకి మహర్షి విశిష్టత #1 | Valmiki vishitataGarikapati Narasimha Rao in 2020.

[ Source from Sri Sriman Sri BhashyamAppalachary’s grandson, Sri Bhashyam Srinivas’s website referred above, photo and some photos, courtesy of Srinivas and from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valmiki#CITEREFGoldman1984.]

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Author is Dean, Professor of law at Mahindra University at Hyderabad and former Central Information Commissioner. He published a number books in English and Telugu.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Related Articles

Stay Connected


Latest Articles