Monday, July 15, 2024

All tools of knowing Krishna are Vedas

Tiruppavai -21

Madabhushi Sridhar

5 January 2024

Tiruppavai by Godadevi from Tamil


Maatraadhe Paal SoriyumVallalPerumPasukkal

Aatra-p-padaithaanMagane! Arivuraai!

Uttramudayaai! Periyaai! Ulaginil

ThotramaaiNinraSudare! Thuzhilezhaai!

MaatraarUnakkuValithulaindhu un Vaasarkann



English Translation from By Madabhushi Sridhar

O Son of Nanda Gopala, Owning Many Large Cows that

Generously yield Milk Incessantly; Awake!

Known through Veda; Even Vedas fail to explain You,

Your strength, Resplendent source of Conscience

Embodiment of Entire Light, for the Whole Universe.  

Devoid of their strength, Your Enemies Lost pride in battle

Surrendered at Your Feet and Gate, Helpless and Praising

Similarly, We Came over to Sing Mangalam For You.

The association of Sri Krishna

The following explains the clan of Yadava’s up to Sri Krishna.

The following explains the clan of Yadava’s up to Sri Krishna.Besides Wikipedia sources, and Myths and Legends of the Hindus and Bhuddhists, Nanda is a cow-herd chief, and the foster-father of Krishna, featured in the Harivamsha and the Puranas. Nanda is the son of Parjanya, a ruler of the Vraja region, who is a son of the Yadava king, Devamidha. He is the chief of Gokulam, which is one of the most powerful territories of the Yadava tribe. He is sometimes referred to as a king.

Nanda is the cousin of Vasudeva. Vasudeva takes his newborn son, Krishna, to Nanda on the night of the child’s birth, so that Nanda could raise him. The chief, who is married to Yashoda, brings up both Krishna, and his brother, Balarama. Krishna derives his epithet Nandanandana (son of Nanda) from him.Dalip Singh Ahlawat writes that Krishna formed the sangha of many clans. He himself was Jat. The Branches of Yaduvansh include the Vrishni, Andhaka, Hala, Sheokhande, Dagur-Digrana, Khirwar-Khare, Balhara, Saran, Sinsinwar, Chhonkar, Sogarwar, Hanga, Ghanihar, Bhoj.

After the death of Duryodhana in Mahabharata, Krishna received the curse of his mother that after 36 years Krishna should perish alone miserably and his people, the Vrishnis, should be destroyed. Lord Krishna belonged to royal family based at Mathura, and was born as the eighth child to Devaki and Vasudeva in the Yaduvanshi. Based on scriptural details and astrological calculations, the date of Krishna’s birth, known as Janmashtami, is 18 July 3228 BCE. and Krishna’s Death is 18th February 3102 BCE (the start of Kali Yuga).

Krishna restrained his senses in yoga and laid himself down. Then there came a hunter that way and thought him a deer, and loosed a shaft and pierced his foot; but when he came close the hunter beheld a man wrapped in yellow robes practicing yoga. Thinking himself an offender, he touched his feet. Then Krishna rose and gave him comfort, and himself ascended to Heaven. The place where Jara hunter pierced Krishna’s foot and Krishna ascended to Heaven is known as Bhalaka Tirtha situated in Prabhas Patan (Verawal). Arjuna went to Dwaraka and brought away the women and children of the Vrishnis, and set out for Kurukshetra. On the way a band of warriors attacked the cavalcade and carried away a great part of women. Arjuna established the others with the remnants of Krishna’s descendants in new cities; but Rukmini and many others of Krishna’s wives became Sati, burning themselves on pyre, and others became ascetics and nuns. The waters of ocean advanced and overwhelmed Dwaraka so that no trace remained.[24] UN Sharma has mentioned the chronology of Krishna in which starting from Sindhupal in 64th generation of Krishna to Bharatpur ruler Maharaja Brijendra Singh (1929-1948) all the rulers are mentioned as YaduvanshiJats.

The cows in Nanda Vraja have grown with regular affectionate divine touch of Krishna. They learnt to be kind and helping others like this lively boy.

The large groups of Cows, the animals that give milk on their own, filling and overflowing the pots, are considered the real wealth of the ancient society in Krishna’s Dwapara Yuga.

Krishna always thinks of how to help them and repay for their generous flow of milk. The animals imbibed this kindness from Him.

They desire to give as much milk as they could without minding whether pots are filled or overflowing.

Krishna showers the milk of his kindness generously in a similar manner.

The milking animals have been doubly strengthened with the association of Sri Krishna.

The Gopikas found it and start praising Krishna with His exclusive characteristic attributes. The wealth you have inherited from Nanda is to help us, and not to sleep like this. We all think that You had left Ksheerabdi, original residence of Vishnu- the ocean of milk to take birth in a clan which lives on milking animals.

Also read: Only 33 Deva’s, not 33 crore!

Nanda Gaon of modern Uttar Pradesh

Nandagopa has five great qualities –

  1. He holds Vela to secure and serve Krishna,
  2. Leader of the clan,
  3. generous donor of cloth, food and water,
  4. valiant enough to defeat rogue elephants of enemies and
  5. owner of a huge number of large cows which yield milk incessantly.

Jnaani… who wants to serve God

There are four kinds of devotees.

From song 21, Goda praises the glory of Narayana. There are four kinds of devotees.

Also read: Love of Neela and Sri Krishna

  1. Aarta who seeks relief from the pains and difficulties,
  2. Jijnaasu… who is curious to know the character of the Self,
  3. Artharthi…who desires wealth, and
  4. Jnaani… who wants to serve God, not bothering about worldly pleasures.

All the four are good, but Jnaani is one, who is dear to me, says Krishna in His Bhagavadgita. God is so kind that he considers four kinds are kind-hearted. That is the generosity of the God.

They generously yield milk

The milking animals do not even require someone to squeeze milk from them. They generously yield milk on their own. But one thing is an essential requirement. That is keeping the pot below the jetting milk.

You have to turn towards God, go nearer to teacher, and ask for what you want. God has supreme quality of giving without someone asking for. But like a pot, you should be in a receiving position; keeping pot is having desire for feeling about God.

Lakshmi is described as “Anapaayini” who is always with Him. Still, she says, ‘I cannot survive without You’. Nitya Suri class of divine souls say we always want to see you… “SadaaPashyanthiSoorayah”, i.e., Acharyas explain the milk called the glory of Bhagawan.

They request the God who owns such generous milking cows, to wake up and look at the Gopikas.

It is not Vishnu of ocean of Milk, but Krishna under whose control animals yield streams of milk. He has left Ksheerabdi and settled in Vrepalle for these innocent and simple beings.

Also read: The Mother: Neela Devi, Nappinna Piratti

Listen to our passionate calls, O God. Neela, the lover of Krishna, joined Goda and Gopikas in waking up Krishna. Krishna remains unresponsive thinking that they might be waking up some other great personality and not He.

Sri BhashyamAppalacharya interprets that these are the qualities of Acharya also.

  1. They love Bhagawan so much that they think it is their duty to protect Him, to pray for His welfare (Mangalasasanam),
  2. they want to share their experience they had in mediation to God, like a leader,
  3. for achieving that purpose, they gave a tool –Tirumantra– which sustains, nourishes and gives enjoyable experience to all,
  4. strength to defeat elephant like enemies who disturb their meditation on God and getting God under their control, and
  5. training and preparing of disciples who can effectively communicate and spread the experience of meditation of God to many.

God remains obedient to Guru. Great attribute of a good leader is having firm strength, considering that it is their duty to protect those who are dependent on Him.

From Bharatham

Sri Krishna is Narayana proposed by the Vedas. “SarveVedah Krishna’, all tools of knowing Krishna are Vedas. It is difficult to know Him completely even through Vedas. He is not reachable by word, voice, or mind. But you can only know Him through the word, mind, and sight. He is embodiment of light. Each can see him as he desires. One can see Him in temple. He is in Pooja rooms in Residences. He is behind doors and within minds. He is in the shape and form as much as you can afford to think of. It is said that He is waiting to bless those who might desire Him at some point of time.

From Ramayan

Rama says during the exile, “it is my vow and duty to serve the Saadhus and Sages even if it costs my life, you and Lakshmana”.

Sheltering to Vibheeshana: He is kind enough to give shelter to Vibheeshana, who is none other than brother of Ravana who separated Seeta from Him. Though He could have killed Ravana once, he changes his mind and gives him one more day to live and relent. He does not think that He is helping others, for Him it is His routine duty. He feels relieved when he gave Kishkinda to Sugreeva and Lanka to Vibheeshana. He does not, even for a moment, think of merging their Kingdom with His.

Indra’s bad son, Jayanth

When Hanuma wishes to carry back to Rama some sign to indicate that he has met Seeta, she recounts an intimate incident at Chitrakuta, which even Lakshmana was not aware of. Once, tired Rama falls asleep in Seeta’s lap. A crow flies close by and pecks at Seeta’s bosom. It was Indra’s bad son, Jayanth, who took the form of a crow with lusty intentions. Seeta realises that it was no ordinary crow causing deep injury and it could not be warded off by pelting a pebble. While Seeta was thinking so, Rama wakes up and understands Seeta’s injury and found culprit crow with blood-stained nails. He decides to punish him. He picks up a blade of grass, turns it into a Brahmastra and throws it on the crow. None in the three worlds — including its father Indra, the celestial beings or the sages —could rescue the crow from Rama Baana. Finally, the crow surrenders to Seeta Rama seeking forgiveness. Seeta pleads with Rama not to kill it. A true Purushakara, she treats even a wicked creature as worthy of her blessings. But to honour the power of Brahmastra and as punishment for wrong deed of assaulting Seeta, Rama asks him to sacrifice any part of his body. He agrees to lose one eye. Kaakaasura survives with a single eye.

Also read: A selfless king and people of Vrepalle

Govardhana episode

Krishna descended on the earth as a Tejo Roopa (an embodiment of bright light) who inspired to blossom the lotus called the universe.

Neela, with Goda and Gopikas say:

Enemies are defeated and they surrender to Him. We also shed our ego, praise your glory, surrender at your feet. We give up our ego-of-beauty and decorative ornaments. Please wake up and protect us. He always looks at the possibility of persons shedding their ego. He teaches Indra a strong lesson without assaulting him. Krishna withstands the heavy downpour of rains with thunder and lightning at Brindavan for seven days and holding the huge GovardhanaGiri on his little finger. There is an interesting story in the Bhagawata and other Puranas about Shri Krishna lifting the ‘Govardhan Parvat’ when he was only seven-year-old.

Shri Krishna questions Indra Yajna performed by Nanada Raja every year to please Lord Indra for rains. But little Krishna convinces the elders that it is Govardhana and its environment that gives rains, and not any God’s worship. And if they want, they can express gratitude towards the Hill by worshipping it. Having been convinced, the King and people worship Govardhana. Offended by this act of defiance, furious Indra orders the Dikpalakas, the administrators of eight directions, to devastate the land of Vrindavan with torrents of rain, thunderstorms, and lightning.

Krishna lifts the Govardhan Hill at once with His left little finger and holds it up like an umbrella providing shelter to all the inhabitants, along with their cows. Stunned and mystified, Indra realizes the Supreme Soul in Sri Krishna, and surrenders to Him. Thus, Krishna destroys the false pride of Indra. At that time, he was hailed as Govinda. Of all the names, Krishna loves this name, as he gained the title after holding the huge hill for seven days and nights on his little finger.

Also read: Goda awakens 10 Aalwars

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Author is Dean, Professor of law at Mahindra University at Hyderabad and former Central Information Commissioner. He published a number books in English and Telugu.



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