Sunday, June 23, 2024

Ego and Beauty are obstacles to reach Krishna or Rama

  • Tiruppavai 13

Pulllin vaay keendanai polla varakkanai

Splitting mouth of crane-Baka demon

Killi kalaindhanai kkeerthimai paadi poiy

Slitting ten heads of worst Raavanasura,

Pillaikal ellarum pavai kalam pukkar

Rama & Krishna worshiped by teens

Velli ezhundhu Vyazha muzhangittru

Bright Shukra rose as dark Guru sets,

Pullum silambinakann podhari kanninaay

Lotus-bee-eyed lovely lady, See birds chirping,

Kullak kulira kudaindhu neeradadhe

Are you yet to dip in serene Yamuna waters?

Palli kidatthiyo paavay nee nannallal

O beauty, still fast asleep on this divine day?

Kallam thavirndhu kalandhelor empavai

Give up drama and get up to join us for Vrata

Goda in this 13th song, waking up eighth Gopika whose eyes are very beautiful like bee sucking honey from lotus. Gopika thinks that her eyes can induce Krishna to her place. Hence, she is neither getting up nor going to Yamuna river, to cool the pangs of separation from Krishna.

Goda: O beauty!. Do not think that Krishna will come for your beauty of eyes. We need to go to Him.

Gopika: How can you say that it is early morning?

Goda: See, the bright Shukra is rising and darkness of Guru is fading out.

Gopika: Any other evidence?

Goda: Birds are chirping and getting ready to go out to fetch food.

Chirping is praise of Vishnu

Chirping is symbol of God-lovers morning praise of Vishnu. When many are sharing their association with others, do you want to enjoy alone? If you do that it is not fair, but hypocrisy!  I understand that you too need to cool off the pangs of separation from Krishna. Then, you should come with us and bathe in serene cool waters of Yamuna River at this early hour. If you delay Yamuna water gets heated. Bharatha used to suffer body heat because of thinking about absence of Rama, and used to rush to Sarayu even at midnight to feel coolness. We are immersed in thoughts of Krishna, who has split the mouth of Baka demon and Rama, who slit the ten heads of worse Asura Raavana for separating Seetha from Him. Lakshmi never parted her divine abode on the chest of Vishnu. These are good days for us. Our parents are permitting us to meet Krishna for Vratha. We can increase pleasure of meditating Krishna, come on let us go together, get up.

Also Read : Lakshmana serves Ram, Bharata meditates Him


This song is beautifully laced with divine episodes of Rama and Krishna, suggesting their oneness. Goda mentions advaita (non-duality) of Seetha and Rama on one hand and Rama & Krishna on the other. Ravana was called bad demon because he separated Vishnu and Lakshmi, Goda uses expression that Ram has slit the ten heads of Ravana. This shows that Rama was highly powerful like Krishna, who with his little finger lifted up heavy Govardhana giri for stayed put for seven days and nights. Vaalmiki narrates that Rama was helped by Agasthya, the ascetic, who gave Aditya Mantra; Indra, offering his chariot with charioteer, Sugreeva and his huge vanara army, and above all, mighty Hanuman. But the strength of Rama was nowhere assessed properly. When Sugreev suspects Vibheeshan, who came to surrender, advises not to entertain him as he might sabotage and destroy our army internally to help his brother Ravan. Rama asks him not to worry, “if I want, I can single handedly finish Ravan”. But Ram never used those mystic powers but fought like an ordinary man. Whereas Krishna has demonstrated his Leela by lifting a big hill on his little finger, killing Bakaasura etc with wonderful and unbelievable ease. Rama kills the ego of Raavana as he removes his flag, throws out his crown, destroys chariot, kills his charioteer, breaks his arrows and bow, and removes the shield. When Raavan stood helpless hanging his head, permits him to go home, rest and come back for an ultimate fight. Raavan had to walk all the way through main roads of Lanka while millions are watching, to reach his palace. Entire Lanka city comes to know the power of Rama and plight of Ravan. His entire ego gets destroyed and it was just a formality to finish him off next day.

Also Read : Krishna’s association with cows and cowherds

Meditation about Vishnu alone is hypocrisy

In this song, the wisdom is indicated by bright Shukra, and lack of knowledge was suggested by setting Guru planet as Shukra is rising. The beautiful eyes also represent the abundant knowledge that helps to see the real nature of Bhagavatottama, disciples of Vishnu. Bathing is nothing but immersing oneself in the divine thoughts of Rama and/or Krishna. Planning to enjoy the meditation about Vishnu alone is considered as hypocrisy, which Goda wants Gopika to get rid of, calling it ‘Kapata’ like Baka – crane, who can be removed by Krishna.

Why Krishna is calling for Lakshmana?

To establish oneness of Rama and Krishna, Goda suggests an episode. When Yashoda was narrating the story of Rama, little Krishna was responding indicating that he was hearing it. She said that when Rama was away, and his brother was searching for Him, Ravana abducted Seetha. Immediately Krishna was angry and started asking for His bow and arrows from Lakshmana. Yashoda was confused, why Krishna is calling for Lakshman.

Also Read : Vishnu descended to see Three Aalwaars together

In this Pashuram (Song) Aalwaar Tondaradippodi, or Bhaktanghri Renu, Sripaada Renuvu, or Vipranarayana, who worshipped God with flowers grown and stringed by him. Aachaarya worship mantra referred to is “Sri Pundareekshaayanamah”.

Also Read : Nine kinds of relations between Jeeva and Paramatma

Also Read : Goda preaches togetherness in good deeds and towards Tirumala

Also Read : Gopika’s Butter Making is Better Penance

Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Prof. M. Sridhar Acharyulu
Author is Dean, Professor of law at Mahindra University at Hyderabad and former Central Information Commissioner. He published a number books in English and Telugu.


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