More poor in India than Africa

Lata Jain

8 Indian States Have As Many Poor As 25 African Countries And, at 440 million, India has 27.5% of the world’s poor, in only eight Indian states, according to Oxford University’s ‘Multidimensional Poverty Measurements And Analysis’ 440 million of them are in eight large Indian states, according to a new analysis using a unique index developed at the University of Oxford.

lata jain

Lata Jain

As per a new analysis by Oxford University, eight Indian states have similar number of poor as in 25 African countries. There are 1.6 billion people living in multidimensional poverty globally and nearly 440 million of them are in these eight states, which include Bihar, Jharkhand, MP and UP among others. Bihar is the poorest region of south Asia.

The eight Indian states that have similar number of poor as in 25 African countries are Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Odisha, Rajasthan and West Bengal. The poorest region in south Asia is Bihar, the analysis states.

According to Sabina Alkire, director of the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, the Index found that Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Mizoram, Goa and Delhi have not added any more poor in the last 5 years. Our measure of destitution, which identifies a subset of poor people as destitute if they experience a number of extreme deprivations like severe malnutrition, losing two children, having all primary-aged school children out of school, and using open defecation,”she told in a press conference.

Developed by Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) with UN support, it will feature in the upcoming UNDP Human Development Report.

Lead by Afghanistan, India is the second poorest nation in South Asia, followed by Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka. The study focuses on “destitution” or homelessness.

2 Responses

  1. Madhu K. Reddy says:

    Why India is backward because it is producing too many people.

    The area of Africa is 11.67 Million Sq. Miles.
    The area of India is 1.269 Million Sq. Miles. (Africa is 9 times larger than India in area)

    The population of Africa is 1.11 Billion(2013 census).
    The population of India is 1.252 Billion. (India’s population is 142 crores higher than Africa).

    Unless India does not curtail the population growth, India will become poorer and poorer. India should give incentives to people who delay the marriage age and have one or two children. Incentives must include in housing, education, jobs and healthcare through reservation. All Childless couple should be given a pension in their old age. Government must enforce these laws irrespective of caste and religion. There are no short cuts when it comes to population growth. If India’s elite fail to act, then entire society will go into drain. God save India!

    • Vasanth says:

      Thanks for writing about the poor & poverty in India. The first step to improve their status is to identify them and issue an Aadhar card so as to maintain a fool proof record of all those who are classified as the poorest of the poor. Next is to make such data available to the district collector and other government officials, clearly providing village level data.

      Next is to implement a program immediately, that can address the most basic issue of hunger to start with and then start designing programs to develop them with in a specified period, Like say within 3 years to provide them opportunity to work and access to low cost health care and education. Eventually other issues like low cost housing etc.

      The figures make a big difference in annual reviews.

      Hope Modi makes a difference to them NOW!

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