MODI@1: Rule by ordinance – nine in a year of Modi’s rule

NEW DELHI: Critics have accused the Narendra Modi government of governing by executive action, having taken the ordinance route 11 times in its first year, including two re-promulgations.

It is also likely that ordinance on land acquisition may be re-promulgated for a second time.

The ordinance Raj resulted from many key legislations failing to pass in the Rajya Sabha where the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party lacks majority.

While critics allege the ordinances are a way to bypass Parliament, the government blames the Opposition for disrupting passage of legislations over various issues.

Below is a timeline of ordinances promulgated under the National Democratic Alliance government since it took charge on May 26, 2014:

Apr 3, 2015: The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2015 promulgated for the second time.

Jan 12, 2015: The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Ordinance, 2015, which mandated allotment of mining lease on auction basis. It also allows Centre to raise the area for mining leases.

Jan 07, 2015: The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Ordinance, 2015, to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, and to allow e-rickshaws to carry four passengers and not more than 40 kg of luggage.

Jan 06, 2015: Ordinance to amend the Indian Citizen Act, 1955, to merge the Person of Indian Origin and Overseas Citizenship of India schemes.

Dec 31, 2014: The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014, scraps the consent and social impact assessment clauses for some projects.

Dec 26, 2014: A second ordinance on the e-auction of 204 coal mines, whose allotments were cancelled by the Supreme Court. The original Coal Mines (Special Provisions) Ordinance, 2014, was promulgated on Oct 21, 2014.

Dec 26, 2014: The Insurance Laws (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014, to hike foreign direct investment cap in insurance sector to 49% from 26%, as the Insurance Laws Amendment Bill, 2008, could not be discussed in Rajya Sabha.

Oct 24, 2014: The Textile Undertakings (Nationalisation) Laws (Amendment and Validation) Ordinance, 2014, in order to continue with the lease-hold rights vested in the National Textile Corp on completion of the lease-hold tenure.

May 29, 2014: The Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014, enabling the transfer of a cluster of mandals and villages in Khammam district to the successor state of Andhra Pradesh.

May 29, 2014: The NDA government’s first ordinance, seeking changes to the

TRAI Act to pave the way for the appointment of its erstwhile chief Nripendra Misra as Prime Minister Modi’s principal secretary.

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