Maoists Take Responsibility For Sukma Massacre

Taking responsibility for the attack on CRPF personnel which led to the death of 25 jawans, the Maoist Dandkarany Special Zonal Committee spokesperson claimed that it was in response to sexual exploitation and killings of tribal women and men by security forces.

Raipur (Chhattisgarh): While the massacre of the 25 jawans by Maoists shook the nation, the Communist Party of India (Maoist) Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee claimed that it was a reaction to sexual exploitation and violence by security forces against tribal women and execution of villagers. The Zonal committee released an audio clip showing the debates in the media centred around the martyrdom of the jawans.

According to news reports, the DKSZC spokesperson ‘Vikalp’ announced that they were responsible for the attack. Further, he said, “The PLGA (CPI (Maoist)’s military wing People’s Liberation Guerilla Army) launched the Chintagufa-Burkapal to give a fitting reply to Mission 2017 and the fake surrender campaign. We thank and congratulate the PLGA leadership, commanders and people of Dandakaranya for their support. The act is only an extension of the Bhejji attack on CRPF. We assert that these attacks are retaliatory, defensive, to defeat anti- people policies and to take forward the pro-people struggle.”

He added that these attacks should only be seen as a retaliation against sexual atrocities being committed by the security forces against tribal women and girls in the conflict zone. Saying that this is an answer to the innumerable cases of sexual exploitation, which is a blot on any civilised society. The attack at Bhejji and Chintagufa –Burkapal is retaliatory attack aimed at upholding the dignity and respect of tribal women. The attacks are being carried to liberate tribals from conflict zones, he added.

Describing the road construction projects in the area by the government as anti-people, Vikalp said that it is only a pretext to loot people under the guise of development.
While the CRPF claimed that the bodies of their jawans were mutilated by Maoists, the spokesperson denied it. He said that it is the security forces that usually mutilate the bodies of PLGA personnel. Alleging that objectionable pictures of their women killed in the fighting were clicked by CRPF and spread them on social media, Vikalp flatly refused the claims of security forces.

It is reported that reacting to the Maoists’ statement, Chhattisgarh’s Special Director-General of Police DM Awasthi said that he will look into it and check its authenticity.

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Akshay Kumar, Saina Nehwal Receive Threat From Maoists

Mumbai: Bollywood actor Akshay kumar and badminton ace Saina received threats from Maoists belonging to Bastar district.
Pamphlets were recovered from Bailadila area in Chhattisgarh which is naxal affected.

his warning came after these two celebrities donated ₹ 9 lakhs and ₹ 6 lakhs to the families of each of 25 CRPF jawans who were martyred in Sukoma district by Maoists ambush.

Akshay Kumar has a plan to develop smart phone app so that any citizen can donate money to the needy families of Jawans or officers who get killed on duty. He also met Union Home Secretary Rajiv with the same plan few days ago.

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Maoist movement is more than a law & order issue

One important section of people views the Naxalite movement as a national security problem to be addressed militarily. This approach will result in the further alienation of tribal communities, widen the trust deficit between the state and the people, and strengthen the Maoists. The country cannot afford to adopt this line of thinking.

Mallepalli Laxmaiah

Mallepalli Laxmaiah

Naxalism is perceived as a threat to national security and military action is the only solution. However, resorting to military action will create a rift between the tribal communities and the Government. Professor Virginius Xaxa, who headed a high-level committee in 2014 urged the government that it is imperative that the tribal areas which are constantly neglected must be developed, and that the government must stop being hand-in-glove with corporations that violate laws and engage in exploitation of natural resources in the tribal areas. The committee further indicated that the resources should not be handed over to corporations as the tribals deserved the profits that are raked in from the exploitation of the natural resources, and these profits must be used for the education and development of the local tribals in such areas.

The Indian Government had never seen tribals as a part of the society at large nor had it recognized that these tribes have their distinct culture and practices. There is no evidence of the Indian Governments actively engaging the tribal areas in development before the Naxalites had begun their movement. The shaukars, the contractors, who go to the forest areas to exploit the resources and the occasional forest officers who subject the tribals to harassment were the only people who were acquainted with the tribals. In 1993, I went with a team of journalists to Bastar, Chattisgarh. On seeing us, the women and children ran away and hid in their huts. Only a few men stayed with us as there was a shaukar present with us.

Even in 1993, the tribals were strangers to the outside world with the exception of forest officers and contractors. No other government officer can be sighted there. The area we visited was navigable and reachable by car. The recent encounters were very close to the tribal hamlet we visited then. Twenty-seven Naxalites and/or tribals were killed at the same time in the ‘encounter’ on October 24. The police had termed it as an armed encounter but many believe that it is far from the truth.

Akkiraju Haragopal aka RK, senior Maoist Party leader and Politburo Member was also said to be at the location but he was nowhere to be found. RK’s wife, Padmakka, filed a habeas corpus petition in the High Court at Hyderabad which was heard by Justice CV Nagarjuna Reddy and Justice MSK Jaiswal who held that the government has the duty to protect a Maoist as they would any ordinary citizen. This can be seen as the judiciary’s criticism of the extra judicial killings by the police and the government.

The courts have repeatedly held that the government has the duty to protect civil rights and liberties, which seems to be falling on deaf ears of the government. Truly if there was an armed encounter, both the parties involved are prone to get hurt, but the government has to make sure that it makes all efforts to uphold the civil rights and liberties. What we see is quite the opposite. By showcasing the extra judicial killings as an armed encounter, the government is trying to escape from its responsibilities and using the police to achieve their unconstitutional goals. This is not a skirmish between the police and Naxalites, but the effect of corporate greed and the government’s behavior in the guise of a business agent for the corporate sector against the self-respect and pride of the tribals. This is completely ignored and covered up by using the police and military force in order to make it easier for the corporations to continue exploitation of resources.

The government is forgetting the fact that the Naxalite movement is the result of economic and social exploitation but not a political or an ideological battle. But the governments all through have muddled the spirit of the Constitution deliberately. “Adivasis and other tribes have the right to follow their own set of laws and the right to self governance. Their development must be in consonance with their social and economic conditions. Any policies and decisions that are to be taken in regard to tribal areas have to be done so after consulting the tribals themselves,” said Dr. Rajendra Prasad while presiding over the Constituent Assembly in 1949. The members of the Constituent Assembly through immense social awareness and responsibility had framed the laws that now govern our country but the various governments have completely ignored them. The beginning of the Naxalite movement was the result of the same irresponsible behaviour of the government.

The Naxalite movement began in West Bengal’s Naxalbari. The struggle began as the Adivasis had fought against those who wanted to take away the lands they had been dependant on for centuries. Their sole proposition was that no one else had a right to cultivate those lands except themselves. The Naxalbari movement saw a great deal of bloodshed. Srikakulam agency area, in Andhra Pradesh, also saw an uprising in a struggle against the exploitation by Shaukars and landlords. When two Marxist-Leninist leaders, Koranna and Manganna were murdered by the landlord’s goons, the rest of the members of the movement took up arms against the landlords.

These two contemporary movements have laid down the foundation for adivasi struggle and are the harbingers of the Naxalite armed struggle. With the intention of curbing these movements, the government had used massive police forces in and around the forest areas killing several Naxalite leaders, party members and innocent civilians. 

The concept of armed encounters began in Srikakulam. Even as the state continued to place restrictions and pressure on the Adivasis’ movement and its activists, the government had come up with laws and policies aimed at the development of the Adivasis. In this regard, our state passed the 1st Act in 1970. The Integrated Tribal Development Authority (ITDA) and the Tribal Sub-Plan of 1974 are also part of this. The 1st Act of 1970 (1/70) eventually became obsolete.

The intention to prevent non-tribals from purchasing land in tribal areas could not be upheld. The ITDA was, however, successful in procuring the means for survival to tribes, if not in providing complete protection to them. Even the tribal Sub-Plan could not be of much help.

The failure of the legal mechanism that was supposed to protect the tribes had extended the influence of the Naxalite movement to Jharkhand in the north and the Godavari Valley and the forests of Adilabad in the south. Even though the movement had reached Chattisgarh in 1980, it only gained momentum in 1990. After 1990, the economic reforms that followed the trend of globalization had given the corporations an opportunity to exploit the previously protected tribal land. More than 70% of our natural resources including coal are in the tribal areas. In 1995, Chandrababu Naidu began mining for bauxite in the Andhra Pradesh-Orissa Border (AOB), and gave private corporations complete freedom over these tribal lands.

Samatha vs State of Andhra Pradesh was the historic judgment that had taken up the issue with the Supreme Court. The bauxite mining was vehemently opposed by the Adivasis. The apex court finally held that the natural resources found in the Adivasi areas cannot be used for the benefit of non-tribals and that the state also as a legal entity falls in the category of a non-tribe and hence is prohibited from making any kind of transfer or use of tribal land.

Regardless of the Supreme Court’s judgment, the governments continuously try to act as a corporate agent displacing over 2 crore Adivasis in the process. Seven decades of independent India is witness to the plight of Adivasis who bide their time and suffering, being hungry and ravished by ill health. In these circumstances, the Naxalites stand guard and do their best to protect the rights of the Adivasis. This is the reason Adivasis end up joining the Naxalite movement, while the government constantly tries to neutralize the Naxalite leaders and give control of these resource -rich areas to global corporations.

Operation Green hunt is part of this venture. This had riled up the Adivasis and it is no surprise that most of the members of the Maoist movement are Adivasis. If this situation has to be changed, law must be applied in the spirit of the Constitution. The Adivasis must feel that they get the same protection under law as the rest of the Indian population. Otherwise, the struggle will continue and unrest will not end. If the government refuses to understand the genesis and history of the movement and fails to protect the Adivasis, the crisis would continue to challenge the governments.

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RK Safe, Declares VV

Hyderabad: Haragopal alias Ramakrishna (RK) is safe, according the revolutionary writer Varavara Rao (VV). “He is safe in the forest”, VV told the media on Thursday evening. The sympathizers of the Maoists have heaved a sigh of relief when the news was given as breaking news by Telugu news channels. The revolutionary writer sounded overwhelmed with joy when he spoke to media person to convey the news that the top Maoist leader is alive and safe somewhere in the forest.

Earlier in the day, the Hyderabad High Court bench comprising justice Nagarjuna Reddy and Justice Jaswal has granted ten days time to the petitioner, Pakmakka, wife of RK and mother of Munna alias Pridhvi, the young Maoist who was killed in the encounter on October 24 at Malkangiri cut off area in Odisha, to produce evidence to prove that RK was in police custody. In the absence of any communication from RK since the attack on the Maoists ten days ago, Padmakka and other supporters of the Maoist movement thought that the police are holding him in a secret place. There were unconfirmed reports that Uday alias Nagesh and RK were taken away in a helicopter to an unknown destination. On Thursday morning,  Rahul Dev Varma, Visakha Rural SP, told the HC bench that the RK is not there in police custody and it is not possible for the police to produce him before the court as demanded by the petitioner.

There was an audio record released by Maoists on Wednesday late in the evening containing a statement by Jagatbandhu. The media thought it was a fake tape and avoided publishing a story based on the audio. But the Maoist party source on Thursday confirmed that the audio was genuine. A woman Maoists described the scene when the Greyhounds and Odisha Special Police Force attacked the camp where the Maoists were resting. She said the Maoists also fired at the police allowing some of the extremists to escape. RK must have been one of those Maoists who successfully escaped from the police net.

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Info in seized laptop spells death for Maoists

  • Four more killed in second encounter

Visakhapatnam: The Andhra Pradesh and Odisha police had killed four more Maoists on Tuesday as part of the combing operations which continued after the attack on the camp on Monday morning. The second round of killings took place less than 24 hours after eliminating 24 ultras on Andhra-Odisha Border (AOB). The elite AP police force, Greyhounds, and the Odisha special police were looking for the Maoists who escaped in the first encounter.

N Sambasivarao, DGP of AP, who surveyed the forest area in a helicopter, said the four Maoists were killed in the second encounter that took place on Tuesday dispelling doubts that these four were also killed in the same encounter since the bodies were found lying near the bodies of those killed in the first encounter.

The Maoists reportedly opened fire on the police officials who were getting out of the helicopter in Bejangi forest region. The DGP said the security personnel had opened retaliatory fire in self-defence. Sambasiva Rao also dismissed the allegations made by revolutionary writer Varavara Rao and other rights activists that the Maoists were killed in cold blood when they were asleep.

Of the 24 Maoists killed on Monday, 14 bodies have been identified till Tuesday evening, according to police sources. Those whose bodies were identified included Munna, the young son of Central Committee Member Ramakrishna alias RK alias Akkiraju Haragopal.

DGP Sambasiva Rao and ADG (Operations) NV Surendra Babu had visited the residence of Greyhound constable Abu Bakar who was killed in the encounter on Monday. The government had announced a cash compensation of Rs 40 lakhs to the family of the constable. The cheque was handed over to the members of Abu Bakar’s family by the DGP.

Proud of my son: Munna’s mother

“I am proud of my son. He sacrificed his life fighting for the underprivileged”, said Padma alias Sirisha, mother of Munna and wife of RK. Munna (25) was one of the 24 Maoists killed in Panasputtu and Bejjangi regions in Malkangiri district of Odisha.

A former Maoist herself, Sirisha alleged that the police attacked the Maoist from behind and killed in cowardly manner.  The Maoists were eliminated because they were fighting against the proposal to mine bauxite in the area. It is ironical, she said, that the police chose to kill those who were fighting for the poor while encouraging gangsters like Nayeem.  Gajarla Ravi’s wife, RK’s wife and Varavara Rao and others went to the Malkangiri forest area to identify the bodies and take them to their native places.

Clues from the informer

The police received intelligence reports and clues from the informer about the exact location of the Maoists meeting in the dense forest of Malkangiri. The activities of Maoists when they were procuring rice, oil, dal and other essentials from the local vendors were recorded by the intelligence agency.   

The intelligence gathered included the movements of the Maoists to procure and transport the essential commodities to the camp. When a top Maoist leader Azad was killed in May this year, his laptop was seized by the police. It gave away crucial information about the plenary session and the latest photographs of the Maoists who, of late, developed liking for selfies.

 The information was shared with the Odisha police and a joint operation was planned soon after the information about the plenary was confirmed on Sunday when the Greyhounds came across some Maoists who opened fire and vanished in the thick forest.

The Maoists who escaped did not anticipate that the Greyhounds were mounting an elaborate operation in cooperation with the Odisha police to encircle and kill them. “We took advantage of the fog and started firing”, a constable who participated in action said later. He said the police started searching for the bodies of the slain Maoists only after the dawn.

It is understood that two of the Maoists killed hail from Srikakulam while the rest were from Telangana State. Chelluru Narayana Rao alias Suranna was a resident of Batupuram village in Vajrapukotturu mandal while the woman Maoist Bodda Kundanalu was the resident of Nallabodduru village in Mandasa mandal. The rights activists are camping at Vizag to continue their efforts to identify and transport the bodies of the Maoists who were killed in the two encounters.

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