AP plans to generate energy from waste
- Improving waste disposal mechanisms
- Implement as a part of Swacch Andhra mission
- Will set up one plant in each district
HYDERABAD: Giving a fillip to the Swachh Bharat Mission, the Government of Andhra Pradesh (as part of it Swachh AP plan) has chalked out a plan to convert (MSW) into energy.
For this, the state government will promote MSW to Energy projects in the state by setting up such projects for an aggregate capacity of 130 MW at locations identified by the MA & UD department. APDISCOMS will select project developers for the identified locations through a Swiss Challenge (competitive bidding) process. One plant will be set up in each district.
A team of GoAP officials including Chief Minister Chandrababu Naidu, Minister (MAUD), PR Secretary (MAUD), Secretary (Energy, Infrastructure & Investment) & Secretary (Industries) visited Timparpur Okhla Waste to Energy plant in New Delhi operated on a PPP basis by Jindal Group.
This 18-MW project processes 2,000 to 2,500 tons of garbage per day and sells 50 percent of energy generated to BRPL (BSES Rajdhani Power Limited) and balance in open market. The installation capacity of these projects in Andhra Pradesh is only six MW as opposed to the estimated potential of 140-160 MW, and the projects are currently non-functional.
A one MW plant requires around 50-60 tons of MSW daily. The potential of these projects in Andhra Pradesh is around 140-160 MW.
The following points have been taken into consideration to set up the projects in the state:
- Emphasis of National Action Plan on Climate Change (NACPP) and MSW processing.
- Emphasis given by the Electricity Act, 2003 and National Tariff Policy, 2006 on promotion of the projects.
- Twin benefits from the projects of MSW disposal and Electricity generation (thereby reducing dependence on coal and gas as fuel)
The state government has linked the Swacch Andhra Mission to efficient disposal of the waste. In Andhra Pradesh, nearly 8,000 tons of MSW is generated every day, but the disposal mechanism of this huge amount is not developed and faces numerous challenges.
To reap the dual benefits of converting the waste to energy and by achieving objectives under the Swachh Andhra Mission, the government has embarked on a journey to make this fruitful.
Some of the technologies to convert MSW to Energy are Thermal conversion, Thermochemical conversion, Biochemical conversion and Electro-chemical conversion.
Countries like China, Japan, Singapore, USA have recognized the importance of these projects and have set up projects like Beijing Gaontun project (30 MW), Nakata Waste Management project, Keppel Tuas (22 MW), Covanta Lee County project (18 MW), respectively. (NSS)